Before any new land is used, thorough research should be conducted to ensure whether the land is suitable for the intended use. Surrounding soil should also be monitored on a regular basis to ensure the soil is not contaminated. We can control daily waste coming out of our house. (iii) The principles of three Rs, namely, Recycle, Reuse and Reduce help in minimizing generation of solid waste. Presently, the most commonly practised technique is open dumping and this causes soil pollution. Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. 3. If you're concerned about land pollution, there's a lot you can do in your home and community to slow this environmental problem. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. It is very difficult to pin point the exact effects of soil pollution on humans, animals or even plants, yet the effects are out there for everyone to see. The land pollution can be controlled by following methods: (i) Planned afforestation helps in preventing soil erosion. Open dumping is the most often practiced. Land pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. Control measures of soil pollution: Proper dumping of unwanted materials: Etra wastes by man and animals is a disposal problem. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? To ensure the sustainability of the project, the individuals and companies that pollute the soil should be held responsible for the treatment and remediation costs. (And How To Keep Them Away). Farmers are opting for more traditional organic methods of farming to reverse the damage caused to the lands. Embrace technological research and development, 10. When dealing with land that is expected to be reclaimed and used for other purposes such as the construction of residential homes or social amenities like schools as it is in the case of mining, there is need to conduct soil investigation and evaluation. Proper Treatment of the Solid Waste: I t is vital to properly treat the solid waste before disposing and releasing it into the environment. Bio-fertilization and manures should be used instead of their chemical alternatives. Soil pollution control 103 98. (And Ways to Dispose of), Are Keys Recyclable? Improper disposal of industrial waste, drainage from homes and improper disposal of trash further contaminate the soil. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. In fact, soil can impact on air and water quality as it is home to a wide range of organisms and plays a bigger role in the distribution of plant species. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? 1. Below are five ways to control land pollution:-* Better agriculture practices. Various steps suggested in order to control soil pollution are as follows: Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use: As the soil erosion has become a major cause of concern we need to adopt the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle in … There should also be put in place stringent measures against those who dump harmful or poisonous substances to the mudflat, sand, swampland, and salt marshes as well as those who discharge pollutants illegally. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Here are 10 magnificent ways for prevention and control of soil pollution. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment. It occurs: ADVERTISEMENTS: i. The following measures may be suggested to control soil pollution: 1. Production of natural fertilizers: Bio-pesticides should be used in place of dangerous chemical pesticides. The government should also put in place measures to ensure electronic wastes and heavy metals do not contaminate the soil. 2. Furthermore, measures should be put in place to promote continuous improvement of soil pollution control standards. Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). To help prevent soil erosion. Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, asking governments to develop policies to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to prevent and control soil pollution are actions that can be taken now. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. What Are Some Practical Applications of Using UV Light to Control Microbial Growth? ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the sources, effects and control of land pollution! In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. Land pollution has a very negative impact on the health of plants, humans and animals. Transfer treatment and remediation costs to polluting companies, 9. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. Land pollution means degradation or destruction of the earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, as a result of human activities. Soil Pollution Control Technique Caused by Lea d Existing in It . Measures To Control or Reduce Soil Pollution at Glance. Materials that are mildly or moderately contaminated should be treated in controlled environments before release into the natural environments while those that are heavily contaminated should be put under strict management, treatment, and control. Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. All tasks should be defined and inter-departmental cooperation and coordination should be strengthened to ensure seamless implementation and immediate resolutions focused towards correct disposal of garbage, proper treatment of sewage sludge, minimized the use of agro-chemicals, reforestation, construction of drainage systems, and strengthening chemical use related laws. Strengthen policies that manage pollution sources, Are Egg Cartons Recyclable? In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. In general we would need less fertilizer and fewer pesticides if we … The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground. Land pollution refers to all forms of pollution affecting any type of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban, etc. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and industrial effluents etc should be recycled and reused. 104 99. Other common methods of preventing soil pollution include reforestation and recycling of waste materials. The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. Biofertilization is a process in which certain microorganisms are used to increase the fertility and growth capacity of soil. A great example is the proper treatment of sewage sludge. Biodegradable waste should also be broken down in a controlled environment before it is released into the environment. However, to ensure consistent results, the technical requirements for the survey should be formulated including the frequency of when the survey should be conducted. Forests also play an important role in preventing soil erosion. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. To ensure consistency, the government should formulate treatment and remediation plans as well as identify responsible entities, identify key tasks, and develop projects database for easy management. Fungi are used to fight lead existing in so il, because, satisfactory and good reports have been received both in . Control of soil pollution. Control for solid waste disposal. When the soil is contaminated, it negatively affects the ecological system as plants and microorganisms may struggle to adapt to the change in the chemical composition of the soil. At the same time, the government should take stronger measures against people, businesses, and companies that breach the policies. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Use of pesticides should be minimized. To ensure sustainability in the prevention and control of soil pollution, research on soil pollution prevention and control should be advanced by strengthening technological research. Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution (No. Agricultural land pollution usually causes the loss of soil fertility as it involves the loss of organic matter, topsoil and nutrients, and the soil’s ability to retain water. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. The mandate of testing the contamination levels of such lands should be given to the city or government unit in charge. When waste is not disposed properly. Bioremediation or phytoremediation involves the use of microorganisms and plants for the decontamination of soil. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. NPCSC Adopts E-Commerce Law, Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law & Amends Individual Income Tax Law (Sept. 3, 2018) NPCSC Session Watch: Separate Parts of Civil Code, Tax Bills, Criminal Procedure, and More (Aug. 17, 2018) NPC Standing Committee … Although efforts are being put in place to ensure soil pollution control, the process ought to be accelerated by drafting the necessary legislation. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides results in acidification of soil. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? 1. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Environmental pollution - water & soil. • Pollutants in the subsurface may be: Dissolved in GW in the saturated zone. Poor utilization of land is a major concern in the prevention and control of soil pollution. The soil is an integral part of the natural environment. 1. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper:Environmental pollution - water & soil. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. These wastes should be treated chemically and biologically to make them less toxic and hazardous. 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