hard coal : the Anthracite Coal that the coal region of Eastern Pennsylvania is famous for. This Glossary contains the chief portion of those mining terms to be current in the pits and alto the desigantions &c., of the boys whose duties are subsidiary to the employments of the putters, drivers and trappers, or who are variously occupied at the bank. One of the lower cost techniques for coal mining, it is usually carried out horizontally or slightly angled into a coal seam behind the highwall. Context Thermal coal is the coal used in coal-fired electricity plants. Publication date 1883 Topics Coal mines and mining Publisher London, New York, E. & F.N. 10 0 obj /CreationDate (D:20080624150847) Anticline - An arch or fold in layers of rock shaped like the crest of a wave. Especially one from which a metal or metals can be profitably extracted. The Coal Fields™ makes no warranty, expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, nor assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, reliability, completeness or utility of these geospatial data, or for the improper or incorrect use of these geospatial data. … Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. He stabilized the industry after years of losses under Obama, but then the pandemic began, and the subsequent recession turbocharged the hobbled industry’s decline. stream Natural hazards may or may not be depicted on the data and maps, and land users should exercise due caution. American Congress On Surveying And Mapping (ACSM), Bonus And Rental Accounting Support System (BRASS), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA), Contiguous Lands And Contiguous Legal Subdivisions, Government Technical Representation (GTR), Information Resource Management Advisory Committee (IRMAC), National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), National Archives And Records Administration (NARA), Prevention Of Significant Deterioration (PSD), Substantially Continuous Use And Occupancy, Sustained Yield Of The Several Products And Services. Mining. To work with the cleavage is said to work the 'back of the slip' or 'on the back'. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. It must have a low ash and sulfur content and form a coke that is capable of supporting the charge of iron ore and limestone in a blast furnace. Miner winds up wire and walks along tunnel. (Coal mining technique) Auger mining is a technique for recovering coal from a seam located behind a highwall (can also be used underground). 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It is also applied to an atmosphere depleted of oxygen, rather than having an excess of … (5tʆoz�L����o�Ð02W���AP��@Z�:��Eo�K�|'��"�$��T� << x��ZKo������l����q��@ ��l�DK�m�(�g��S/����@n�b�EvWW}�����v{���6������. It can be synonymous with panel entry, submain entry, or in its older sense it refers to an entry that is "butt" onto the coal cleavage (that is, at right angles to the face). Glossary of Coal Mining Terms Abandoned areas - section, panels and other areas that are not ventilated and examined in the manner required for work places. << Ore – Any natural combination of minerals. Lease handled by the Bureau of Land Management are not mapped by latitude and longitude, instead, these leases harken back to the Public Land Survey System. endobj endobj w�Ji� F���2�������0��M2�,�M�[_� �i���?���ճ����1�!Ξ Ʉ��`�����H%�c�,��H밉o�X@�U�K��*Z�{�H:P�J[�ћ��c����J�0�*K7�������^� T� �{‰wOx���u��#��6�H�]��Y��f�N�٣5���Qau��u5���c����"�Qm��4.U^ ��X/�wB�Q���ب�x���덿ZL�r�.��T�OѲ@ j0��V�n��P�jgR�����aC\���Ox�H9�M�8I���f���=�.x�n�����;2��fgx�}�zQ.L|հڰ�I�w���k?KgZ����� x�gT�C�?/�ǀڵ�[����۹�]`Y�*��H�N>���gt�:��qM'�DZR�r`_ðB�l ���1��N����yS�8�T�Y���������p2�A�f,��G���z��^o�Y��#����7�P��G�S}� ��3-���v��Rz�������3R Coal has been used since the Bronze Age, 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, and was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. endobj >> Combustion of thermal coal produces approximately 40 percent of the world’s and ten percent of Canada’s electricity. x��ZKo���� �D#��d7��$� �����@K��ؖdQ�g��S�&YMQ^R�܂��|vWW}U�U5�w\-� ���;��Z��G��?�����,���"ׁѱ1� V?/��=*�:2�{�tG6��~]��Z��mq�6u�R�p��c�z�� /Creator Inbye - A term relative to position, meaning nearer to the coal face, and opposite to the term outbye. /Producer Open Pit Mine – Because of the danger associated with drifts, open-pit mines are dug from the ground down and are never tunneled and are the most common form of hard-rocking mining today. 1 0 obj Active workings - any place in any mine where miners are normally required to work or travel. /MediaBox[0 0 612 792] Coal mining remains a high-risk occupation globally, with health risks ranging from mine collapses and explosions to coal miner’s pneumoconiosis (“black lung”) and other respiratory ailments. /Contents 4 0 R %PDF-1.3 A Glossary of the technical terms in use in the Newcastle (and UK collieries) collieries. 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