The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. The name Eyjafjallajökull is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier.” ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. It’s one of several volcanoes that stretch along the fault lines of the tectonic plates. Related Questions. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! The heat from the lava quickly melted and vaporized the glacier ice above. The ice covers an area in the summit region about 80 km 2 in size. Test shows how ash affects a jet engine. Most of its historical eruptions have been explosive. John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010. The name Eyjafjallajökull is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning … Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. However, the people of Iceland were not concerned about the ash clouds: they were more concerned about flooding. The name probably refers to the close by archipelago of Vestmannaeyjar. After that event the sequence of eruptions continued on a more subdued level until June 1822. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the Last Glacial Period, most recently in 2010, when, although relatively small for a volcanic eruption, it caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe for a week. , The stratovolcano, whose vents follow an east–west trend, is composed of basalt to andesite lavas. Eyjafjallajökull broke out in the years 920 and 1612.  Notably, the ash released from the eruption contained a large fraction of fluoride, which in high doses may harm the bone structure of cattle, horses, sheep and humans. In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. Iceland Volcano Tour to Eyjafjallajökull. The eruptive phase started on 19 and 20 December 1821 by a series of explosive eruptions and continued over the next several days. On 26 February 2010, unusual seismic activity along with rapid expansion of the Earth's crust was registered by the Meteorological Institute of Iceland. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull resumed erupting after a brief pause, this time from the top crater in the centre of the glacier, causing jökulhlaup (meltwater floods) to rush down the nearby rivers, and requiring 800 people to be evacuated. Additional localised disruption continued into May 2010. Asked by Wiki User. f) Describe the ash plume created by the eruption. The word jökull, meaning glacier or ice cap, is a cognate with the Middle English word ikel surviving in the -icle of English icicle. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. Eyjafjallajökull’s height is 1,651 meters (5,417 feet). The word is a compound of three different words. In strong winds, the water of the smaller falls can even be blown up the mountain. Eyjafjallajökull volcano is in good company. It accounts for 90 percent of the lava which poured out under Gígjökull. On the super jeep ride, you will traverse the gravel road and push deeper into the valley. It was estimated to be ten to twenty times larger than the previous one in Fimmvörðuháls. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres up in the atmosphere, which led to air travel disruption in northwest Europe for six days from 15 to 21 April 2010 and again, in May 2010,[clarification needed] including the closure of airspace over many parts of Europe. It was about 800,000 years ago when the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was formed. In these three cases the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano occurred simultaneously with or was shortly followed by the eruption of Katla, a volcano located some 15.5 miles (25 km) to the east.  However, fissure vents occur on both (mainly the west) sides of the volcano.. b) What type of Volcano is Eyjafjallajökull? The inhabitants of farm Thorvaldseyri, located at the roots of Eyjafjallajökull Glacier, have launched a website, mbl.is reports. Unlike hiking adventure associated with any other volcano tours, Eyjafjallajökull tour allows you to get to the summit by riding a jeep. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Eyjafjallajökull on TV Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland.The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km).  In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. volcano overview. The volcano is fed by a magma chamber under the mountain, which in turn derives from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Since the volcano erupted only 9 years ago, the likelihood of Eyjafjallajökull erupting within the next few years is not very likely but volcanoes are not easily predictable. The mountain itself, a stratovolcano, stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point, and has a crater 3 to 4 kilometres (2 to 2 1⁄2 miles) in diameter, open to the north. No people died in the Eyjafjallajökull eruptions. About 45 people in Langidalur valley north of the Eyjafjallajökull glacier were isolated by the eruption, and 800 people were evacuated. Nearly all flights in Europe and across the Atlantic Ocean were suspended for almost a week, ... an ash plume is formed of many tiny particles of sediment. The name means "glacier" (or more properly here "ice cap") of the Eyjafjöll.  Infrasound sensors have been installed around Eyjafjallajökull to monitor for future eruptions. Being so small gives you a change of getting close to it. The word fjalla is the genitive plural of fjöll, and so Eyjafjalla is the genitive form of Eyjafjöll and means: "of the Eyjafjöll". A bigger one flooded the plains near the river Markarfljót. It left behind vast ash clouds so large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured. Exclusively at ABC, these hand-formed ceramics by Icelandic artist Bjarni Sigurdsson are finished in a natural glaze made from the volcanic ashes of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. Two new craters were formed in this eruption called Magni and Móði after the sons of Thor, the Norse god of thunder. The ash of Eyjafjallajökull's 1821 eruptions is to be found all over the south of Iceland. Preceding the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls (Fimmvorduhals). The Eyjafjallajökull eruption sequence of 2010, which lasted from January until May of that year, began with the onset of clusters of small earthquakes, and by early March the earthquake activity had increased in intensity and frequency. Over time, the earthquakes rose towards the surface, and land near the volcano rose at least 40 millimeters (2 inches)—both indications that magma was moving underneath the volcano. By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. 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