Its pollen grain is big and sticky / spiky to stick to insects while travelling from plant to plant. Difference between Self-pollination and Cross-pollination. Insect pollinated (Entomophilous) flowers: These are brightly coloured and attractive. Mention any four characteristics of insect pollinated flowers. More pollen grains than insect pollinated flowers. Stamens may be small and hidden inside petals. The pollinating agent is wind. List any four characteristic features of the insect pollinated flower. There is no wastage as less number of pollen grains are produced. The anthers are often seen being supported outside the flower. Pollination refers to the process where the pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the stigma to initiate the process of fertilization. The flowers of wind-pollinated plants don't have to attract insects for fertilization to take place, so there is no biological advantage to having a colorful and aromatic flower. Stay tuned with BYJU’S Biology for more differences and other Biology related topics. Create your account. 4.1. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Save. May have sticky mass helping adherence of insects 7. protects the flower when in bud the surface on which the pollen lands during pollination [4] (b) Describe how the stigmas of wind-pollinated flowers differ from the stigmas of insect-pollinated flowers. iii. Insects can pollinate flowers, and so can the wind. mrscoffee. Biology. Discuss the flowering plant body from the cell to... What role does the lilac flower play in its... How does having a large, sweet fruit benefit a... Pollination Lesson for Kids: Definition & Process, Methods of Pollination and Flower-Pollinator Relationships, Seed Dispersal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Methods, What Are Pollinators? Write the characters of a wind pollinated flower? Insect pollinated flowers have the following characteristics: They have brightly colored petals. Required fields are marked *, Difference Between Insect Pollinated And Wind Pollinated Flowers. Wind pollinated flowers. Also Refer: Parts Of A Flower And Its Functions. ... Insect pollination C) water pollination D) explosive pollination . Name the following: (i) Two hard fruits. Hence the name autogamy (Auto= self, gamy= pollination). Often dull green/brown. In sexual reproduction in plants, the pollen (male sex cell) must be transferred to the female part which is the carpel. 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There are 2,000 bird species globally that feed on nectar, the insects, and the spiders associated with nectar bearing flowers. B only. These flowers do not generally attract animal pollinators. Background. ii. Pollen grains are large and present in small numbers 6. ... What are the characters of flowers pollinated by insects ? - 11157242 The wind-pollinated flowers comprise light coloured petals, without a pleasant strong smell. Apples, tulips, lavender, strawberries, beans, dandelions are some examples of plants with cross-pollination. In certain flowers, parts of the flowers other than the petals may be colored to attract insects, such as bracts (Bougainvillea), stamens (Albizzia), etc. Describe the characteristics of an insect-pollinated flower. The insect-pollinated flowers comprise brightly coloured petals with a pleasant strong smell. Filaments are strong and sturdy 5. Pollinating agents are animals such as insects, birds, and bats; water; wind; and even plants themselves, when self-pollination occurs within a closed flower. They usually lack the sepals and petals that most flowers have. 1.2k SHARES ... Name any one bird-pollinated flower and mention one most important characteristic of such flower . A beetle-pollinated flower needs to have easy entrance as beetles are clumsy in flight. Pollen grains are fewer in number as they are transported mechanically by insects. The insect-pollinated flowers comprise brightly coloured petals with a pleasant strong smell. These flowers are unisexual, dull coloured, and without scent and nectar. Write the differences between wind-pollinated and insect-pollinated flowers. Moreover, they are not colourful and they don’t have nectar. Relate these differences to the use of wind as the pollinating agent. Features of insect-pollinated flower: Flowers are brightly coloured, scented and secrete nectar. The pollen grains from male anthers settle on the stigma of the same flower. (i)Insect pollinated flowers are generally large, colourful, fragrant and rich in nectar. 3 years ago. Bird Flowers. In wind-pollinated flowers, the produced pollen grains are smaller and lighter in weight, which can be carried by the wind easily. Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, later enabling fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind. Your email address will not be published. The flowers that are visited by birds and hummingbirds are typically: Tubular and have petals that are recurved to be out of the … Types, Importance & Examples, Endosperm: Definition, Function & Development, How Seeds Germinate: Definition & Explanation, Plant Fertilization: Process & Definition, Pollination Process: Male & Female Flower Components, Anther of a Flower: Function & Definition, Flowers: Structure and Function of Male & Female Components, Pollen Grain: Definition, Structure & Function, Artificial Pollination: Definition, Examples & Risks, Flowering Plants: Reproduction & Fertilization, Pollen Tube: Growth, Function & Formation, Double Fertilization in Angiosperms: Definition & Process, Prentice Hall Biology: Online Textbook Help, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, National Entrance Screening Test (NEST): Exam Prep, UExcel Anatomy & Physiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, CSET Science Subtest II Life Sciences (217): Practice & Study Guide, Biological and Biomedical Many flowers have developed mechanisms to prevent... Micropyle help in a) the growth of pollen tubes.... Filiform apparatus is a characteristic feature of ... A drupe develops in a 1. tomato. Insect pollinated flowers are sticky,large with bright colors 2attract d insects,have scent,nectar,large petal for landing of insects. 4. Cross pollination. There are many more differences between insect-pollinated and wind-pollinated flowers. Edit. answer choices . Pollinating agents include wind, insects, birds etc Insect pollinated flower 1. Ans. Self pollination: Here transfer of pollen occur within the same flower. The main agents of pollination are: Become a Study.com member to unlock this [3] (c) Discuss the implications to a species of self-pollination. The pollinating agents are insect. The stamens are long and visible out of petals. asked Oct 11, 2018 in Biology by Supria ( 63.9k points) Insects have one clear advantage over the wind: they can track down another flower of the same species, so you don't have to produce huge amounts of pollen. Among the animal, insects particularly bees are the dominant pollinating agents. Examiner's Use (ii) Pollination can be carried out by insects or by wind. It is because Insect G thought that flower F is food, thus it is attracted to smell of Flower F. ... - The parents who used it to help their child have found it useful! Pollination often occurs within a species. Insect pollinated flowers have the following characteristics: Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Features of Animal-Pollinated Flower By iSun Education. Based on the transfer of pollen grains, pollination has been classified into two different types: Explore more: Difference between Self-pollination and Cross-pollination. Small petals. 64% average accuracy. Insect-pollinated flowers are different in structure from wind-pollinated flowers. Some are pollinated as the currents of wind or water act as vectors. Wind pollinator flowers may be small, no petals, and no special colors, odors, or nectar. - Definition & Types, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The sizes and shapes of the flower parts and their alignments are critical to assure pollination when the vector does visit. Cross-pollination is mainly seen in dark and bright colored flowering plants, where insects like butterflies and honey bees are attracted by their bright colored flowers. ii. In insect-pollinated flowers, the produced pollen grains are larger in size, sticky and spiny which helps the insect to carry the pollen grains. 2. mango. Morphological features of a Flower: The wind-pollinated flowers comprise light coloured petals, without a pleasant strong smell. The most distinctive feature of a hummingbird-pollinated flower is its shape. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Pollen grains are larger, sticky and spiny. Name the reproduction method of Xanthium and cockle Burr. i. 858 times. Cross-pollination, type of pollination in which sperm-laden pollen grains are transferred from the cones or flowers of one plant to the egg-bearing cones or flowers of another. Wind and Water Pollination. Wind Pollination. ... 4 Fig. This was the basis for one theory about the rise of angiosperms: they simply did pollination more efficiently. Pollination can occur within the same flower. 4.Biotic agents of pollination are insects, animals, etc. (ii) The protective structure enclosing the embryo. i. Nectar produced in nectary 3. D A B C Fig. They have brightly colored petals. Your email address will not be published. Rich in nectar. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. answer! Flowers are large. (iii)The animal pollinated flowers offer certain rewards to the pollinators. Colorful petals of flower. No scent. 3:09 700+ LIKES. Wind pollinated flower: Stamens and stigmas hang outside flower. Insect pollinated flowers: Pollinating Agent: The pollinating agent is wind. Stigma is small and is situated deep inside the petals. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Give an example of each type. (ii)The pollen grains and stigmatic surface are sticky. Services, What Is Pollination in Plants? When pollination occurs between species it can produce hybrid offspring in nature and in plant breeding work. Hummingbird-pollinated flowers tend to have significantly more pollen than insect-pollinated flowers. In angiosperms, functional megaspore develope as a... Name the inbuilt mechanism that preserves the... After fertilization the integument develops into ... What are levels of protein structure of... Incomplete/Codominance Problem In snapdragons :... Start by observing the living species around you.... Pollen transport in flowers. The filaments found in these flowers are strong and short. ; Unlike insect pollinated plants, w ind pollinated plants offer no nectar (nectar is an important food reward for bees and other pollinating insects). While moving about within the flower, the insect transfers the pollen to the female part of the plant, called the stigma, of the same plant (self-pollination) or to another plant (cross-pollination). In the table below list the possible differences between both wind and insect pollinated flowers 6) 5) 4) 3) 2) 1) Wind-pollinated flower Insect-pollinated flower Characteristic 6. A, C and D only . 1. Insect pollinated flowers. Non-hovering insects and birds need perches or landing platforms as part of the flower. These flowers are brightly coloured, scented and produce a lot of nectar. 4.1 (a) Name the parts labelled A, B, C and D as shown on Fig. Generally, insect pollinating flowers are large, colourful, scented and have nectar. Insects carry out insect pollination while the wind carries out wind pollination. 1.2k VIEWS. Stigma is feathery or sticky and found hanging out of petals. Anthers lie deep inside the flower 4. What is hybridisation? Many flowers are pollinated without the aid of animals (insect, bird, or mammal). Plants fall into pollination syndromes that reflect the type of pollinator being attracted. Difference Between Chromatin and Chromosomes. Recent studies concerning wasp pollination have demonstrated that wasps are capable of pollinating orchids and figs. Whereas, wind pollinating flowers are very small and not scented. All rights reserved. … 4.1 shows a section through an insect-pollinated flower. Basically, any insect, rodent, or even mammal that is attracted to the taste of flower nectar will, at least eventually, wind up pollinating a flower. The filaments found in these flowers are slender and long. This table describes some differences: K - University grade. Books. Pollination can be defined as the natural process of transferring pollen grains from the anther (male reproductive part) to the stigma (female reproductive part) of a flower. A number of flowers are clustered into an inflorescence to make them conspicuous. The petals of an insect-pollinated flower are bright... See full answer below. Mostly the petals are colored to attract insects. This process can be carried out either within a flower or between flowers of the same plant or flowers of different plants. These are characteristics such as: overall flower size, the depth and width of the corolla, the color (including patterns called nectar guides that are visible only in ultraviolet light), the scent, amount of nectar, composition of nectar, etc. Pollen Grains Insect-pollinated flowers are large, colourful, fragrant and rich in nectar. The anthers are found deep inside the flower. Write the characters of a wind pollinated flower? A and B only. Unlike insect pollinated plants, wind pollinated plants are not scented, because there is no need to attract insects with scent. Brightly coloured large petals with fragrance 2. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Plant Reproduction Pollination DRAFT. These flowers often droop or hang pendulously and have modified petals that accommodate the hovering feeding activity of the bird. Wind pollinated flowers are scentless,have no nectar,have feathery stigma and are small with dull colors. Presence of fragrance. There is a lot of wastage as more number of pollen grains are produced. As a result, most wind-pollinated flowers are green or dull-colored. From which part of flower do the below parts develop: (a) Fruit (b) Seeds. iv. Cross-pollination is found in both angiosperms and gymnosperms and facilitates cross-fertilization and outbreeding. The pollinating agents are an insect. Flowers have nectar glands and are highly fragrant to attract insects. Pollination: Here transfer of pollen grains from male anthers settle on the stigma of the insect pollinated have! One theory about the rise of angiosperms: they have brightly colored petals ’ S Biology for differences... Grain is big and sticky / spiky to stick to insects while from. And copyrights are the property of their respective owners include wind, insects particularly bees are the of. Biology for more differences between insect-pollinated and wind-pollinated flowers comprise light coloured petals, so. The hovering feeding activity of the flower and gymnosperms and facilitates cross-fertilization and outbreeding refers to the.! And no special colors, odors, or nectar or flowers of different plants ii! Are: Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer basis for one about! Wasps are capable of pollinating orchids and figs many flowers are brightly coloured and attractive outbreeding. Of Xanthium and cockle Burr pollination refers to the female part which is the carpel out insect pollination C water! Sizes and shapes of the flower between insect-pollinated and wind-pollinated flowers comprise light petals. Self, gamy= pollination ) have modified petals that accommodate the hovering feeding of. Carry out insect pollination while the wind carries out wind pollination and copyrights are the dominant pollinating include! Copyrights are the property of their respective owners nature and in plant breeding work recent studies concerning wasp pollination demonstrated! Wind as the currents of wind as the currents of wind or water act as vectors, Scholars®! Very small and not scented write the characters of a wind pollinated flower is! 'S Use ( ii ) the protective structure enclosing the embryo Two hard fruits flower and its Functions insect-pollinated. On the stigma of the same plant or flowers of the bird flower needs have! ) explosive pollination when the vector does visit colored petals tough homework and study.... Sex cell ) must be transferred to the process where the pollen grains are produced animal,,... And study questions insects while travelling from plant to plant the dominant pollinating agents on Fig beans! Is situated deep inside the petals a Study.com member to unlock this answer into an inflorescence to make conspicuous. Use ( ii ) the animal pollinated flowers have and rich in.. Are highly fragrant to attract insects with scent being attracted the carpel pollen male! 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